Psychotherapy

History of the method
,, If you give someone fish it will feed him once. But if you teach him to hunt he will always be fed. 

Eastern wisdom

Method of Positive Psychotherapy, binds itself philosophical wisdom of the East and the rationality of the West. It is believed that was founded in 1968 by Professor Nosrat Pezeshkian / 1933 to 2010 /.
N.Pezeshkian was born in Persia / Iran /. Gets psychotherapeutic education in Germany, Switzerland and the United States, Dr. of Medical Sciences, professor, specialist in the field of psychology, psychotherapy and neurology.
Method of Positive psychotherapy was created based on transkultural studies in more than 20 different cultures.
For his development of psychotherapeutic method N. Pezeshkian is nominated for the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology in 2009.
The principle of the method is not limited in psychotherapy and counseling, it is spreading to other areas. Very effectively used Pezeshkian ideas in education, conducting trainings, prevention of health and business management. The method has application in coaching.
Advantages of the method

* Universal application problems

* internationality

* The use of metaphors, parables as instruments of therapy

* Method considers the human as a whole system

* the client has an active role in the process of therapy

* Short-termism / 15 to 20 sessions /

* Therapy is a future-oriented client

jumpAccording to the ideas of the method positive understanding of human origin that everyone born has two main abilities: to get to know and love. These two skills are closely linked: the level of development supports and facilitates the development of the other. This affirmation is based on the notion of human Positive Psychotherapy: Man is good by nature and has an innate passion for the good.
The method of Positive Psychotherapy is based on the deep conviction that everyone is endowed with all the necessary skills to live happily ever after. Everyone has access to the limitless possibilities of life for his personal development. It was originally intended by the Creator, that the most valuable things hidden within us or in the form of small seeds ripen in our lifetime.
N. Pezeshkian says that man is mine filled with precious stones. One task – to find the hidden treasure, take it from the depths of the human soul and show it to the world in the form of natural instincts and talents that ultimately lead to the self realization. Fulfilling the mission of life is the ultimate satisfaction from it. “The man looks back and sees that what happened to him misfortune suddenly turned into happiness.” / Eugen Roth /
An important advantage of this method is its accessibility to all social and age groups. The simplicity of the language, systematic approach, to train self-help attract more people to the process of the various professional groups. The principle of simplicity and flexibility makes it easy to apply to everyone in everyday life, in the difficult moments of life without basic education in psychology. Positive Psychotherapy indicates the client right and painless way to allow his thoughts, feelings and behaviors to develop harmoniously.
A feature of this method is the use of proverbs by psychotherapists, fascinating stories, parables. Stories in the style of oriental wisdom help the client to see his problems sideways, to discuss complex moments, abstracting from personal experience that makes people less dependent on the therapist. In different conditions of life, the parable is interpreted differently by clients.
In psychotherapy, positive focus on the interaction of the therapist with the client is placed on human potential as a major moment in his recovery from the disease. The method sees the reason for the problems in individual depressed and underdeveloped areas of interpersonal spiritual communication. This leads to sources of conflicts, disturbances in life. Positive attitude towards the disease and conflict, provides understanding that any disease, any difficulties bring with them new opportunities that give people hope. Health implies balance of the four major areas of life (body / health, work / success, contacts / family, fantasy, / future). Disease and conflict, as a rule, constitute a violation of this balance. The method focuses on the healthy part of the body of the client, which contains resources for recovery and who can draw strength and energy for constructive cooperation with the disease, and positive changes in life situations. Therapy and the ability to get out on our own of this situation are means to restore the natural balance. “When someone wants to heal, ask him if he is willing in the future to eliminate from his live the cause of his illness. Only then you can help him” (Socrates).

Very great merit of this method is its focus on the development and future. The method teaches us to shape the future through the acceptance of the situation. Taking full responsibility for live of everyone is helping to make concrete steps to change reality. This principle can be expressed like this: ‘If you want tomorrow you`ve never had, you have to do today what you’ve never done “.

Important principle of Positive Psychotherapy – is the principle of the uniqueness of the individual. Life has no standards. The diversity of the sources of human happiness lies in the fact that the use and receipt of pleasure may be “what is” in the moment rather than on what “could be.” The ability to see this as something that can make people happy, get their strength for a concrete step forward towards their goals and to obtain from this joy, makes everyone creator of his own ,, I ” and gives wisdom to life. Improving the client can be achieved gradually. The tool, that the client needs is called “patience”, because “Patience brings roses and impatience – neurosis”.

The method of  Positive Psychotherapy helps people mobilize resources to make positive decisions. He teaches us not to fight with the world, but to accept it. The result is optimistic and joyful perception of  yourself, your loved ones and life in general.

How does Positive Psychotherapy?

Three Principles of  Positive Psychotherapy

  • Principle of  Hope, which focuses on human resources. It helps to feel his ability to take responsibility for everything that happens in his personal lives.
  • The principle of balance, which examines the life of the client and development in four areas:
    • Body
    • Contacts (relationships);
    • Achievements;
    • Future (fantasies, dreams, ideals).

      The essence of this principle – the desire to restore the natural harmony. 

  • The principle of self-help can only be used as part of a strategy of harmonization, adaptation and development of personality.
    Firstly, it does the therapist and then in the process of self-help, you use this for yourself or to help others: family members, colleagues and friends.
Once he have done a lot of research with his supporters, N. Pezeshkian shows that people of  western and eastern cultures will react to the same problem in a different way. Indeed, any situation in itself is not bad or good, and assesses the value for each person individually. That is the that was born the theory of the four areas through which people react to conflict.
The first area – this is our body. Just at this level, people respond, get sick when the situation gets out of control. So there is a psychosomatic illness. Doctors usually treat the symptoms (stomach ulcers) and not the original cause – the very conflict that causes the disease.
The second area – activities. Choosing this way, people are overworked, becoming workaholics, or in any way attempt to escape from each activity.The third area – contacts. This section includes the ability to establish contacts not only with other people, animals and even plants, but also with yourself.

Existing conflict can be resolved remaining in isolation or excessive sociability, all the time.

The fourth area – fantasy. This is unreal world, but allows resolving the conflict through the “destruction” of the enemy, by pictures of a bright future. Fantasies help for sexual problems, problems in the workplace. This is the area of ​​fantasy (or intuition, philosophy, religious ideas), that gives hope of success, decision on a risky step.

Positive therapy claims that a person is healthy when its energy is distributed equally among these four areas. In case that any of the fields is not properly designed, it will be the most vulnerable to external events that have a traumatic effect…

According to this theory, people to deal with the conflict must allocate energy in all four areas. By the way, it was noted people of  Western culture, which focus more on the first two areas of life, and respond to conflicts in the firm and active, as well as representatives from the Eastern culture, in contrast, develop and respond to the other two – communication and intuition.

The work of the therapist with the client goes through five stages.

1. Distance from the conflict - it allows the patient to look at the problem sideways, not allowing partially to close the whole picture. After looking at the real situation, then  it`s possible proceed to study the conflict. During this process, the problems are identified in all four areas, how everything affects the privacy of the patient, his environment, work and feelings.

2. Inventory – Asking questions about important issues in recent years, how they impact on health, occupation, partner, relationship, what were the relationships in the family.

3. Situational encouragement – in the foreground in this part of treatment highlight the positive qualities of the client who can rely on the problem situation.
4. Verbalization – the client learns to detail his conflict (at this stage is very important confidentiality).
5. Ways to resolve the conflict – expanding purposes of life using the therapist is looking for the best ways to deal with conflict and determine how best to allocate power among the four areas.

After all, as the psychotherapists say, positive, healthy people are not those who have no problems, but those who know how to deal with them.

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